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    Main physiological functions of liver

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    • The liver is the largest substantive organ of the human body, and its main physiological functions are as follows:

      1. Metabolism: After being digested by the digestive system, carbohydrates, fats and protein must flow through the liver for metabolism;

      2. Detoxification: The liver is the most active place where various chemical reactions take place in the body. Exogenous and endogenous harmful substances, including drugs, alcohol, bacteria, viruses, etc., need to be biotransformed in the liver to become harmless substances;

      3. Synthesis and secretion of bile: Normal liver can synthesize and secrete 800-1000ml of bile every day;

      4. Synthesis of albumin and coagulation factors: it is of great significance to the nutritional status and coagulation function of the body;

      5. Self-repair: The liver is a powerful regenerative organ. After some external factors are damaged, the liver can repair itself and return to normal liver function.

      肝脏是人体最大的实质性器官,主要生理功能具体如下:
      1、新陈代谢:碳水化合物、脂肪、蛋白质经由消化系统消化后,都要流经肝脏进行新陈代谢;
      2、解毒:肝脏是身体发生各种化学反应最活跃的场所,外源性、内源性的有害物质,包括药物、酒精、细菌、病毒等均需在肝脏进行生物转化,转化成为对身体无害的物质;
      3、合成、分泌胆汁:正常肝脏每天可以合成、分泌800-1000ml的胆汁;
      4、合成白蛋白、凝血因子:对身体的营养状况、凝血功能具有较重要的意义;
      5、自我修复:肝脏是强大的再生器官,在某些外界性因素损伤后,肝脏可自我修复,恢复到正常的肝脏功能。

      Main physiological functions of liver

       

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